Son of Libyan dictator Gaddafi announces plans to unify nation he fled

Saif al-Islam Gaddafi, the son of Lybian dictator Muammar Gaddafi, has come out of hiding after vanishing six years ago and announced his intention to re-enter politics and take back control of Libya.

Speaking in an interview with the , Gaddafi said he intends to ‘restore the lost unity’ after a decade of chaos that came in the wake of his fathers death, and did not rule out standing for president.

The 49-year-old is still wanted by the International Criminal Court (ICC) for crimes against humanity, and was sentenced to death by a Lybian court in 2015.

Saif al-Islam Gaddafi (pictured in 2011, file photo), the son of Lybian dictator Muammar Gaddafi, has come out of hiding after vanishing six years ago and announced his intention to re-enter politics and take back control of Libya

Saif al-Islam Gaddafi (pictured in 2011, file photo), the son of Lybian dictator Muammar Gaddafi, has come out of hiding after vanishing six years ago and announced his intention to re-enter politics and take back control of Libya

Saif al-Islam Gaddafi (pictured in 2011, file photo), the son of Lybian dictator Muammar Gaddafi, has come out of hiding after vanishing six years ago and announced his intention to re-enter politics and take back control of Libya

Gaddafi, in his first public comments since going into hiding, claimed that despite his conviction he would command widespread support from the Lubian pubic who he says have become frustrated with disparate factions fighting for control.

‘It’s not in their interest to have a strong government,’ he told The New York Times, speaking from a two-storey villa inside a gated compound at Zintan in the west of the North African country. ‘That’s why they are afraid of the elections.

‘They are against the idea of a president. They are against the idea of a state, a government that has legitimacy derived from the people.’ 

Before his father’s death in 2011 at the hands of of militia, Gaddafi was the presumed successor to rule Libya. He told the newspaper that in the decade since his father’s capture and killing, politicians have brought Libyan’s ‘nothing by misery’. 

‘I’ve been away from the Libyan people for 10 years,’ he said. ‘You need to come back slowly, slowly. Like a striptease. You need to play with their minds a little.’ 

He also refused to apologise for the atrocities committed by his father’s regime, and defended his record as leader, claiming that most Libyans now think the government should have taken a harder stance against rebels.

The 49-year-old (pictured in 2011) is still wanted by the International Criminal Court (ICC) for crimes against humanity, and was sentenced to death by a Lybian court in 2015. The sentence has never been carried out, and he has been in hiding since his capture

The 49-year-old (pictured in 2011) is still wanted by the International Criminal Court (ICC) for crimes against humanity, and was sentenced to death by a Lybian court in 2015. The sentence has never been carried out, and he has been in hiding since his capture

The 49-year-old (pictured in 2011) is still wanted by the International Criminal Court (ICC) for crimes against humanity, and was sentenced to death by a Lybian court in 2015. The sentence has never been carried out, and he has been in hiding since his capture

‘What happened in Libya was not a revolution,’ he said. ‘You can call it a civil war, or days of evil. It’s not a revolution.’

Saif al-Islam is the second son of dictator Muammar Gaddafi who ruled Libya with an iron fist from 1969 to his brutal death in 2011. 

He was educated at university in Tripoli before studying for an MBA in Vienna and a PhD at the London School of Economics.

Gaddafi was seen by some as a modernising influence within his father’s regime, and was given credit by some for presiding over a brief period of reform and liberalisation in the final years of the dictatorship.

However, his reputation was tarnished when he backed the government’s crackdown of anti-government protests in 2011 and warned of ‘rivers of blood’ if the revolution was not averted. The protests in Libya were part of the Arab Spring.

Estimates very, but as many as 25,000 civilians and soldiers are thought to have been killed in the Libyan civil war.

Saif al-Islam is the second son of dictator Muammar Gaddafi (pictured in 2011) who ruled Libya with an iron fist from 1969 to his brutal death in 2011

Saif al-Islam is the second son of dictator Muammar Gaddafi (pictured in 2011) who ruled Libya with an iron fist from 1969 to his brutal death in 2011

Saif al-Islam and Muslims is the second son of dictator Muammar Gaddafi (pictured in 2011) who ruled Libya with an iron fist from 1969 to his brutal death in 2011

Like his father, Saif al-Islam was captured. He was found in southern Libya after his father’s regime had collapses, and held prisoner by a militia group in Zintan city.

However, the militia group refused to hand him over to the ICC in The Hague, which has indicted him for war crimes allegedly committed during the civil war.

The group permitted him to stand trial in Tripoli via video link, where he was sentenced to death in 2015, but has not been acted upon.

It was later reported that Gaddafi had been released by the militia group, but he didn’t appear in public again amid rumours that he was either dead or plotting a political comeback. The ICC called for him to be handed over for trial.

Saif al-Islam said ‘he was confident that these legal issues could be negotiated away if a majority of the Libyan people choose him as their leader’. 

In 2018, the Libyan Popular Front party claimed that Gaddafi would run for president as their candidate, but he never made a public appearance.

Speaking in an interview with the New York Times, Gaddafi (pictured in 2011) said he intends to 'restore the lost unity' after a decade of chaos that came in the wake of his fathers death, and did not rule out standing for president

Speaking in an interview with the New York Times, Gaddafi (pictured in 2011) said he intends to 'restore the lost unity' after a decade of chaos that came in the wake of his fathers death, and did not rule out standing for president

Speaking in an interview with the New York Times, Gaddafi (pictured in 2011) said he intends to ‘restore the lost unity’ after a decade of chaos that came in the wake of his fathers death, and did not rule out standing for president

In 2020, it was reported by Bloomberg that two Russians had been arrested in the country who were allegedly involved in a plot to install Gaddafi as a pro-Moscow president of Libya.

In the interview with the New York Times, Gaddafi claimed that he was now friends with his former captors, saying they ‘are now my friends’, adding that the militia group realised that he could be a powerful ally.

Libya has been wracked by chaos since the NATO-backed uprising toppled dictator Gadhafi in 2011, and split the North African country between a U.N.-supported government in Tripoli and rival authorities loyal to Hifter in the east, each backed by different armed groups and foreign governments.  

A return to power could prove to be difficult for Gaddafi, with a number of potential rivals barring his way.

One such rival would be Khalifa Haftar, the general who controls much of eastern Libya and has Russian and UAE backing. Another, Fathi Bashagar, is Libya’s former interior minister and has the backing of Turkey and other Western governments. 

Last October a ceasefire was signed that has largely frozen the long-running civil war, but the country remains bitterly divided between the east and west and is full of foreign troops and mercenaries from Russia, the Middle East and Africa.

Pictured: Vehicles belonging to forces loyal to Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi explode after an air strike by coalition forces, along a road between Benghazi and Ajdabiyah in March 2011

Pictured: Vehicles belonging to forces loyal to Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi explode after an air strike by coalition forces, along a road between Benghazi and Ajdabiyah in March 2011

Pictured: Vehicles belonging to forces loyal to Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi explode after an air strike by coalition forces, along a road between Benghazi and Ajdabiyah in March 2011

An agreement between factions has been made to hold election early in December, but diplomats have said they do not hold much hope of the vote going ahead. 

When asked if it felt strange to seek shelter among the Libyan people when he was on the run in 2011, he said: ‘We’re like fish, and the Libyan people are like a sea for us.

‘Without them, we die. That’s where we get support. We hide here. We fight here. We get support from there. The Libyan people are our ocean.’  

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